Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the supreme legislative body of the
country that performs legislative functions.
powers of the Parliament enter their force with the opening of its first
session and come to an end with the start of the first session of the new
convocation of the Parliament. Structure and activity of the Parliament, legal
status of MPs are defined by the Constitution
of the Republic of Kazakhstanand the Constitutional law “Of the
Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the status of its members” and
other legislative acts.
Parliament comprises of two Chambers: the Senate (47 members) and the
Mazhilis (107 members) working on a permanent basis.
Senate is composed of elected members - two from each region, the
republican importance (Almaty) and the capital city of the
Republic of Kazakhstan at joint sessions of the members of
bodies of respective regions, city of the republican importance and
city of the Republic.
of the Senate are elected on the basis of indirect suffrage by secret
elected members of the Senate are up for election
every three years.
members are appointed by the President of Kazakhstan with the view
representation for all the diverse national, cultural components
term of office for the members of the Senate is 6 years.
to constitutional norms in the Parliament of the fifth convocation, members of
the Senate elected in 2008 and 2011 and those appointed by the President of the
Republic of Kazakhstan in 2007 and 2011 continue to hold office.
s of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan
at a joint session of the Chambers shall:
amendments and additions to the Constitution at the proposal of President of
the Republic of Kazakhstan;
• approve the
reports of the Government and the Accounts Committee on implementation of the
republican budget. If the parliament doesn’t approve Government’s report on
implementation of the republican budget, it means a motion of no-confidence
vote by the Parliament against the Government;
• have the
right to delegate legislative powers for a term not exceeding one year to
the President by two-thirds of the votes from the total number of deputies of
each Chamber at the initiative of the President;
• decide issues
of war and peace;
the use of the Armed Forces of the Republic to fulfill international
obligations in support of peace and security at the proposal of the President
of the Republic;
• hear annual
messages of the Constitutional Council of the Republic on the state of the
constitutional legality in the Republic;
• form joint
commissions of the Chambers; elect and release from office their chairpersons;
hear report on the activity of the commissions;
other powers assigned to Parliament by the Constitution.
at separate sessions of the Chambers through consecutive consideration of issues
first in the Mazhilis and then in the Senate shall adopt constitutional laws
the republican budget, make amendments and additions;
and remove state fees and taxes;
the procedure dealing with the issues of administrative-territorial division of
state awards, honorary, military and other titles, ranked positions, diplomatic
ranks of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and define state symbols of the Republic;
issues of state loans and rendering of economic and other assistance by the
· issue acts
of amnesty to citizens;
· ratify and
denounce international treaties of the Republic.
reports on implementation of the republican budget;
second round of discussions and voting on bills and separate articles that were
subject to President’s objection;
forward an initiative calling for national referendum.
powers of the Senate of Parliament
following shall belong to exclusive jurisdiction of the Senate:
• election and
discharge from office of the Chairperson of the Supreme Court and judges of the
Supreme Court of the
Republic at the proposal of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and
swearing them into office;
• approval of
the appointment of the Prosecutor General and the Chairperson of the Committee
of National Security by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
the functions of the Parliament of the Republic in adopting constitutional
laws and laws in the period of temporary absence of the Mazhilis following
dissolution (On two occasions the Senate assumed all the
functions of the Parliament in adopting constitutional laws and laws: - from June 21
till July 11 2007,
– and from November 16, 2011 till January
other powers assigned to the Senate of the Parliament by the Constitution.
authorities of the Senate of Parliament
Chamber independently without participation of another Chamber shall:
two members of the Constitutional Council; appoint two members for a five-year
term to the Central Election Commission and three members of the Accounts
Committee for control over implementation of the republican budget;
powers of members of the Chambers;
Parliamentary hearings on the issues
of within its jurisdiction;
reports of members of the Government of the Republic on the issues of their
• set up
coordinating and working bodies of the Chambers;
• adopt the
rules of its activities and other decisions on the issues related to
organization and internal procedures of the Chambers.
of member of the Senate of Parliament
member of the Parliament must be a citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan who
has been a permanent resident on its territory over the last ten years.
hold office Senators have to be at least 30 years of age with higher education
and 5 years of work experience, permanently residing on the territory of the
particular region, city of republican significance or the capital of the
Republic for at least 3 years.
of a member of the Parliament commence from the moment of his/her registration
as a member of the Parliament by the Central Election Commission of the
the first session of Parliament at joint session of its Chambers MPs take oath
to the people of Kazakhstan: “I do solemnly swear to truly serve the people of
Kazakhstan, to strengthen integrity and independence of the Republic of
Kazakhstan, to abide strictly by its Constitution and laws, to carry out
honestly the high duties of an MP assigned to me».
of the oath is done by the President at a ceremony in the presence of members
of the Government, the Constitutional Council, judges of the Supreme Court,
ex-presidents of the Republic.
of members of the Senate of Parliament
of Parliament has to participate in the work of the Parliament and its bodies.
in the Parliament is done in person by an MP.
of the Senate exercises the right of a decisive vote on all issues considered
at sessions of Parliament and its bodies of which he/she is a member.
of the Senate has the right:
• to elect
and be elected to working bodies of the Parliament and the Senate;
• to make
proposals and comments concerning the session agenda, the procedure and content
of discussed issues;
• to express
opinion on nominations elected or appointed by the Senate of Parliament or
consent to the appointments made by the Parliament and the Senate;
• to submit
proposals to Bureau of the Chamber regarding issues at a joint session of the
Chambers of the Parliament and at a Senate session of the Parliament and if
his/her proposals are turned down - submit them for the Senate’s consideration;
• to submit
issues for consideration at gatherings of working bodies of the Parliament and
of the Senate of Parliament;
• to propose
to hold a hearing by the officials accountable to Chambers of Parliament at a
joint session of Parliament;
• to make MP
inquiries in the order established by the law;
participate in debates, to make queries to speakers, and also to the
• to present
arguments upon his/her voting in favour of certain amendments and share
• to make
amendments to draft bills, resolutions, other decrees accepted by Parliament;
• to inform
members of Parliament about appeals of public significance from citizens;
• to see
texts of MP speeches in shorthand reports and minutes of Parliament’s session;
• to request
information and documents necessary for his/her activity from state bodies and
officials; state bodies and officials should provide MPs with requested documents
and materials with consideration of secrets protected by law;
exercise other powers according to the present Constitutional Law of the
Republic of Kazakhstan “On the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the
status of MPs”, rules of Parliament and of its Chambers.
committees of the Senate within the scope of their competence are free to
choose forms and methods of activity, interact with state bodies and public
unions, examine and take into account public opinion, hold parliamentary
hearings, government hours, conferences, round tables, meetings, presentations
and other parliamentary events.
of the Senate hold visiting sessions across regions in order to examine public
opinion on bills under consideration by the Parliament and other pressing
for their or other regions quarterly and meet with different
groups of people, get acquainted with the situation on the fields, answer
citizens’ questions, comment on major provisions of laws adopted by the
Public activity of members of the Senate
of the Senate take active part in public life. Among the MPs there are members
of the political party “Nur Otan”, the Party of Patriots of Kazakhstan, the
commissions and councils under the President and the Government of the
inquiries and questions
inquiry is an official request addressed at a joint and separate sessions of
the Chambers of the Parliament to state officials to obtain information on
specific matters related to the competence of this body or an official.
of the Senate has the right to make an inquiry to the Prime Minister and the
Government, Chairman of the National Bank, Chairman and members of Central
Election Commission, Prosecutor General, Chairman of the Committee of National
Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Chairman and members of the Accounts
committee for control over execution of the republican budget.
to now members of the Senate have made more than thousand inquiries on various
issues of state and public life.