The Flag of the Republic of
The Flag is
one of the main symbols of the state that represents its sovereignty and
identity. The Russian term “flag” for Flag comes from the Dutch word “Vlag” and
means cloth of officially adopted size and colour and commonly with an image of
emblem (coat of arms).
The Flag of
sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. It was designed by Shaken
Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular breadth of blue colour with
the image of the sun in its center with a soaring steppe eagle underneath.
Along the flagstaff there is a vertical band with the national ornamental
patterns. The images of the sun, rays, eagle and ornament are of golden colour.
The ratio of the Flag’s width to its length: 1:2.
each colour has its own specific meaning. Thus, a blue-sky colour symbolizes
honesty, fidelity and integrity. Moreover, the blue-sky colour has a deep
symbolic meaning in Turkic culture. The ancient Turkic peoples always worship
the Sky as their God, and their blue-sky banner symbolized devotion to Father
Ancestor. The blue colour of the State Flag of Kazakhstan means pure sky, peace
and prosperity, and self-colour of the background represents the unity of our
the heraldic principles the sun symbolizes wealth and abundance, life and
energy. That is why the sun rays on the flag have the form of grain, a symbol
of wealth and welfare. By representing the sun at its state attributes
Kazakhstan reaffirms its commitment to universal values, which also indicates
that the new young country is full of life-affirming energy and is open to all
countries for cooperation.
The image of
the steppe eagle is one of the main heraldic attributes which is used on coat
of arms and flags of various peoples for centuries. This image is commonly
considered as a symbol of power, insight and generosity. A soaring steppe eagle
represents by itself a power of the state, its sovereignty and independence,
aspiration to high goals and sustainable future. The image of the steppe eagle
on the world outlook of Eurasian nomads has a special place and is associated
with such notions as freedom and fidelity, sense of dignity and courage,
strength and purity of thoughts. The symbolically rendered silhouette of the
golden steppe eagle reflects aspiration of the young sovereign state to the
heights of world civilization.
important element of the State Flag is a vertical band with the national
ornamental patterns. This Kazakh ornament is one of the forms of specific
artistic perception of world in strict accordance with aesthetic styles of the
people. Representing a harmony of various forms and lines, it is also an
expressive means of discovery of the inner world of the people. The national
ornament along the flagstaff represents the art and cultural traditions of the
people of Kazakhstan.
The Emblem of the Republic of
is one of the main symbols of the state. The Russian term “gerb” for Emblem comes
from the German word “Erbe” (legacy) and means hereditary distinctive sign that
represents a combination of figures and objects to which a symbolic sense
reflecting cultural and historical traditions of the state is given.
is an evidence of the fact that the nomads of the Bronze Age that inhabited the
territory of modern Kazakhstan identified themselves with a special symbol
which is called totem. Its graphical expression further got the name “tamga”.
This term has been for the first time used in the Turkic Khaganate.
of the sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. The authors of the
State Emblem are Kazakhstan’s famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and
Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel). It is a
symbol of life and eternity that was especially valued among the nomads of the
heraldic element of the State Emblem is the image of shanyrak (an arched
cross-shaped top of the Kazakh yurt) against a sky blue background which
irradiates uyks (supports or bearings of the yurt) in the form of sunrays to
all sides. On both right and left of shanyrak there are images of mythical
winged quarter horses. At the top of Emblem there is a volumetric five-pointed
star. There is also the inscription “Kazakhstan” at the bottom of the Emblem.
The images of shanyrak, uyks, and mythical horses, as well as the inscriptions
“Kazakhstan”, have the colour of gold.
a main backbone part of the yurt that resembles a blue sky. It is also one of
the key elements of Kazakh family dwelling in the traditional culture of
Eurasian nomads. The image of shanyrak on the State Emblem of the republic is a
symbol of common home and common homeland of all people living in Kazakhstan.
The stable development of Kazakhstan depends on welfare of each citizen just
like the strength and stability of shanyrak depends on reliability of all its
mythical horses, tulpars, are the key heraldic element of the State Emblem. The
image of the horse stands for such notions as bravery since time immemorial.
The wings symbolize a centuries-old dream of multinational people of Kazakhstan
to build a strong and prosperous nation. They represent pure thoughts and
aspiration to successive and constructive development. The golden wings of
racers also resemble golden sheaves of grain that are a sign of labor of the
people of Kazakhstan and material welfare of the country.
past the horns are often used during ceremonial rites of nomads as well as a
finial to their fighting banners. The images of heavenly grace, fertility of
the earth and the military fortune in the form of various animals’ horns are
always considered as integral parts in symbolic compositions of different
peoples. Therefore, a winged horse with a horn of plenty is an important
typological image which has deep semantic and historical roots.
element on the coat of arms is a five-pointed star. This symbol is used by man
from ancient times and represents constant aspiration of people to the light of
truth and the pursuit of the sublime and eternal matter. The image of a star on
the State Emblem reflects the dream of people to build a state open to all
countries of the world for cooperation and partnership. Hearts and arms of the
people of Kazakhstan are open to representatives from all five continents.
colour of the State Emblem is the colour of gold, which serves as a symbol of
wealth, justice and magnanimity. The colour of blue sky symbolizes a serene
sky, peace and prosperity.
The State Anthem of the
Republic of Kazakhstan
is one of the main symbols of the state. The Russian term “gimn” for Anthem comes
from the Greek word “Gimneo” and means solemn, ceremonial song. The Anthem
serves as an important sound symbol with a key value for the effective
socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of citizens of
history of sovereign Kazakhstan the national anthem was adopted two times: in
1992 and 2006.
gaining independence in 1992, a competition was announced to writing of music
and lyrics of the national Anthem. Following the results of the competition, it
was decided to retain the melody of the previous anthem, the anthem of the
Kazakh SSR. Therefore, Mukan Tulebayev, Yevgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Khamidi
have become the authors of the first anthem. The creative team presented by
Kazakhstan’s famous poets Muzaphar Alimbayev, Kadyr Myrzaliyev, Tumanbai
Moldagaliyev and a young poetess Zhadyra Daribayeva won the poetic
State Anthem was adopted in 2006 in order to promote the country’s sound
symbolism. It is based on the patriotic song “Menyn Kazakhstanym” (My
Kazakhstan) which is popular among the people and written in 1956, with music
by Shamshi Kaldayakov and lyrics by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov.
Nursultan Nazarbayev modified the original lyrics of the song. The
corresponding amendments have been introduced to the Decree “On State Symbols”
at the joint session of the Houses of Parliament on January 6, 2006 and the
Parliament approved it as a new State Anthem of Kazakhstan.
by Shamshi Kaldayakov
by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov and Nursultan Nazarbayev
of golden sun,
of golden seed,
of courage -
a look at my country!
heroic glory emerged,
did not give up their pride
Kazakh people are strong!
country, my country,
your flower I will be planted,
your song I will stream, my country!
native land – My Kazakhstan!
The way was opened to the posterity
have a vast land.
unity is proper,
have an independent country.
welcomed the time
an eternal friend,
country is happy,
is our country.